The term migraine is used to define a severe headache that is usually preceded or followed by certain symptoms such as strong sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, vomiting, tingling of arms, hands and legs, and sometimes a sensory warning sign is felt like flashes of light. The excruciating pain from migraine usually lasts for hours or even days. The patient becomes mad-like and experiences discomfort in every activity.
Migraine is caused by blood vessels enlargement, with nerve fibers releasing a chemical that coils around the blood vessels. More specifically, an artery located outside the skull and under the skin of the temporal artery (temple) enlarges, causing a release of chemical and further enlargement of the artery. This results in inflammation and severe headache. It affects the nervous system of a human being causing nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. It also affects the food intake of the patient and decreases blood circulation, resulting in cold hands and feet.
Symptoms of Migraine
The below are some factors or symptoms that are experienced by those suffering from severe headache:
- Neck stiffness
- Increased sensitivity to light and sound
- Hormone fluctuations
- Decreased blood circulation
- Blurred vision
Some people experience light-headedness, which can be followed by fainting, while others experience bitterness in taste. Most suffer from prodrome that prevails for hours or days. Prodromes are the early signs of migraine that announce themselves a couple of days prior to the actual migraine. Signs of a prodrome are: drowsiness, thirst, change of mood and craving for sweets etc.
Diagnosis of Migraine
The International Headache Society follows some criteria to diagnose migraine. They are as follows:
- Five or more headache attacks
- Pain lasting hours or three days
- Having at least two symptoms in the patient
- Patient having at least a symptom of the disease
When the patient is properly diagnosed with the above criteria and norms, s/he is treated accordingly with the appropriate treatment solution.
The Electro Encephalography (EEG), Computed Tomography (CT), Spinal Tape and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) are the tests that check inflammation of the brain membranes or the spinal cord, postictal headaches, tumors, sinus blockages, stroke, dilated blood vessels in the brain and the quantity of cerebrospinal fluid.
Prevention and Treatment of Migraine
Migraine can be prevented by prophylactic therapy and further can be treated by abortive therapy. Prophylactic therapy deals with the symptoms and checks the intensity and duration of the headache pain, nausea, vomiting etc. and employs abortive therapy to treat the condition with medications. Apart from medicines, exercise and a healthy diet also help in preventing cases of migraine. It is advisable that when you notice quite a few of the symptoms, go on to treat it before it morphs into a full blown severe headache. The sooner the better, as it the migraine becomes easier to treat and the patient is back to the normal life quickly with less money outlay as well.
About the Author: Ruth Mary is a passionate blogger who writes for glasses.com, a site with great collection of modern glasses for men. She is also associated with many online forums & writers guild.