Parents often take extra measures to ensure the health and well being of their children. In this country, the health care system is designed to help infants and small children stay healthy by providing them with immunizations to prevent them from contracting harmful diseases. While parents have the right to refuse immunizations, public school systems will not allow school age children to enroll without them.
Immunizations for Infants and Small Children
Infants are usually protected by their mother’s immune system for the first few months of their lives. Even with this protection, infants can be susceptible to picking up harmful diseases which is why there are several immunizations given during the first year of a baby’s life. Immunizations for hepatitis B, diphtheria, pertussis and polio are given at intervals throughout the first year of a child’s life. Around the one year mark, children often receive the immunization for measles, mumps and rubella. Parents who elect not have the immunizations given to their children often do so because of the incidence of children contracting the disease from the injection of the virus.
In the United States of America, the health care system is set up to provide immunizations at free clinics for parents who cannot afford the cost of health care. People who have insurance coverage will have the cost of their children’s doctor visits and immunizations covered by their insurance policy. People who qualify for medical assistance will have the cost covered by the government. Even with medical assistance provided to low income families, there are still people who end up with no health care coverage who benefit from the services offered at free clinics.
Regular Doctor Visits
In addition to receiving immunizations, infants and small children also need regular doctor visits to observe their growth and development. During the initial months of life, the child’s growth and development is crucial to their successive stages. If problems are detected during this time they can be more easily corrected than in later years. People who bring their infants to the free clinics will have their progress monitored on a regular basis. This monitoring includes recording the baby’s height and weight as well as their responsiveness to light and sound.
While free clinics are able to provide parents with basic care for their children, they are not equipped to cover surgical procedures. If a child is in need of surgery the health care workers at the clinic can enlist the help of social service agencies to help the family receive government assistance for medical treatment. In this country parents do not have the right to refuse necessary medical treatment if it endangers the life of their child.
As children grow, they require less frequent visits to the doctor. Between the ages of seven and eighteen children usually receive a few booster shots for their immunizations. They usually do not need a scheduled doctor’s visit unless they become ill or have an emergency situation. Free health care clinics will provide service to children until they are eighteen years of age.
About the Author: James Pattrick is a freelance writer, professional blogger, and social media enthusiast. His blog NannyJobs.net Jim focuses on Child Care, Baby Health Care, and baby care jobs. You can follow him on Google+, Twitter, and Facebook.