Rosacea being a poorly understood skin disease warrants much research on the topic. Four subtypes of rosacea have yet been defined along with several variants. It is, however, not clear whether these subtypes are the phases of the same disease or independent developments with overlaps. Rosacea may also result in fibrotic facial changes due to lack of treatment and development of the disease.
Researchers regard the gene array and cellular findings as modern concepts of rosacea pathophysiology and relate it to body’s defenses. Skin conditions like rosacea are often said to be triggered by extreme emotions such stress and anxiety. This is demonstrated by the fact that women with rosacea face 94% of the episodes due to emotional causes. These provide strong evidence of connection between human mind and body. This brings us to the conclusion that elongated periods of stress cause the body’s immune system to shut down, allowing such diseases and skin conditions to take over.
Researched rosacea treatment methods
Starting with the relevance to shutting down of immune system due to stress, rosacea is often treated with relaxation, breathing and biofeedback techniques along with reducing or improving the management of life’s stressful situations. On the side, better nutrition and diets reduce the toll on skin conditions by stopping or even reversing rosacea and many other conditions.
For final stages and severe conditions, the best accepted rosacea treatment employ modern surgical techniques since medical therapy is ineffective in reversing the process. To facilitate these treatments a variety of surgical techniques have been developed over time, removing adverse effects from the process designs, optimizing, adding to comfort level and decreasing recovery timing.
Delivery of insoluble medicine, by the use of super solvents, is also being emphasized to achieve what was previously impossible due to unavailability of chemical technology. Most studies conclude preferable long term treatment of the disease in order to make the best out of the procedures being used. Conventional procedures usually last over extensive time durations ranging up to years.
Research and development
Detailed research on the dietary intake is largely absent but biotechnology and pharmaceutical manufacturers have jumped into the competitive market to research for the best possible treatments and are usually funding university researchers as well for the same.
Researched medicine such as oral tetracyclines, minocycline, and doxycycline are excellent products for rosacea treatment. Doxycycline based medicines such as Oracea have shown significant results in adults with daily intake. Medicine intake data is often recorded and later plotted and extrapolated to optimize the performance of the medicine to reduce the deteriorating skin condition of rosacea. Many products are also available off label and have resulted in successful treatment as well. Gastrointestinal side effects, nausea and abdominal pain have been associated with overdose of doxycycline by statistical experimentations.
Considerations and options
Green tea is one of the top antioxidant components in natural skin and skin care products. Green tea reduces sunlight damage and helps to slow down aging of skin. Skin conditions like rosacea are also said to be reversed by continuous consumption of green tea.
Medical therapies are successful in treating inflammatory rosacea lesions but physical medicine is better suitable for treatment of associated symptoms. Metronidazole, one of the stable medicine available; since last decade, is also a significant consideration for rosacea treatment.
Laser and light therapies have been categorically effective and are considered to be a good option, but trials have also shown increased formation of lesions in patients after laser or intense pulsed light treatments. The medication, natural and physical options should be weighed before the actual treatment and the severity of the condition should be a major factor before opting for a treatment. Where the best treatment for severe might be the harsher methods, the mild ones could simply be treated with stress reduction and natural intake like green tea and precaution in diet.
Rosacea treatment is inherently difficult due to lack of experimentation data as well as medical understanding of the disease and can often result in unsuccessful treatment. Research on this topic helps understand the disease itself and its responses to different natural, physical and medical treatments.
In extreme cases, enlargement of some blood vessels is caused by rosacea. This typically becomes an adverse effect on the face in the form of cosmetic damage.
The research and scrutiny on the rosacea treatments have created further need of high quality studies and evaluation programs. Statistical researches have helped organize the currently available data for the medicine while literature analysis has opened up more points of view to the manufacturers and researchers. Better treatment of such diseases not only help reduce the disease per se, but also help the patient psychologically overcome life problems and get a better quality of life.